(Many believe the Declaration of Independence separated the 13 colonies from Great Britain, but really it was the Resolution of Independence. While the Declaration of Independence was approved by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, this could not have been done without legally separating the colonies which is what the Resolution of Independence did, and this resolution was approved by the Second Continental Congress on July 2, 1776.)
Resolved, That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.
That it is expedient forthwith to take the most effectual measures for forming foreign Alliances.
That a plan of confederation be prepared and transmitted to the respective Colonies for their consideration and approbation.
(This Resolution is also known as the Lee Resolution. This resolution was proposed by Richard Henry Lee on June 7, 1776 and was approved by the Second Continental Congress on July 2, 1776.)